Floyd landis Doping Scandal was the exclusive case of doping scandal which blew the history of doping exacerbating many well-known people in history who had achieved the highest heights in cycling sports. While diving into the other scandals, understanding the floyd landis investigation is first and foremost link to scrapple the “Doping Ocean”
What is Doping in Sports?
Doping is the use of banned medications which is used in athletic performance-enhancing by athletic competitors. And this drugs use is unethical and unapproved by sports organizations and if get caught while taking doping drugs, can be banned from sports permanently.
Floyd Landis Suspicious Win:
The Floyd Landis doping scandal features the sole member "Floyd Landis" who was the initial winner of the 2006 Tour de France.
After a downfall of floyd landis in Stage 16, where he had lost ten minutes, shockingly Landis came back in Stage 17, riding solo and passing his whole team and Landis was awarded as the winner of the 2006 Tour de France.
This phony come back signaled the authorities, so they took a urine sample immediately after his Stage 17 and was tested positive for banned synthetic testosterone as well as a ratio of testosterone to epitestosterone nearly 3 times the limit allowed by World Anti-Doping Agency rules.
Floyd Landis Doping Accusation:
On July 27, 2006, 4 days after the Tour had ended, the Phonak cycling team announced Landis to take a urine test and the results came back positive, having an unusually high ratio of the hormone testosterone to the hormone epitestosterone (T/E ratio) after his heroic performance in Stage 17.
Floyd landis suspicious Excuses for Testing Positive for Doping:
He tried a worthless excuses, blaming the findings on his naturally high testosterone levels such as .,
- He accused to the two beers and at least four shots of whiskey he’d consumed the night before
- Inconsistencies in the way the samples were handled--
"The existence of synthetic testosterone means that some of the testosterone in Landis's body came from an external source and was not naturally produced by his own system"
Landis gave a total of 8 samples during the 2006 Tour.
It has been stated that Landis may have been using testosterone over the prolonged duration of time but was either masking it or diluting it to avoid detection and Four of those samples also showed the presence of synthetic testosterone.
Lance Armstrong Doping role in Floyd Landis case:
Floyd Landis was a former teammate of Lance Armstrong and was recruited by Armstrong to the U.S. Postal Service team in 2002, and Lance Armstrong helped him win three out of his seven Tour de France victories.
When Lance Armstrong retired, Landis won the Tour in 2006 while competing for a Swiss cycling team named Phonak, after that, the tables turned in Floyd Landis life when he tested positive for testosterone.
Floyd Landis reckoned with a two-year suspension and was stripped of his title, but when he attempted to return to the sport, Armstrong and others denied him spots on their teams.
Floyd Landis felt betrayed like he has taken all the accusations of all the doping members, therefore, in 2010, he sent emails to USA Cycling CEO Steve Johnson and other eminent cycling and anti-doping officials, with all the details on the doping incidents he had seen from his team member Lance Armstrong and other prominent cyclists.
Landis was foremost whistleblower to blew the sport's doping issues who blew the prominent sports and unmasking their doping intakes.
Beginning of Lance Armstrong's
After retirement also, Armstrong was taken out by the US anti-doping agency for investigation and many other whistleblowers emerged and gave the statements to authorities.
Armstrong's Second Whistleblower was Emma O'Reilly:
O'Reilly provided all the basic therapy such as physical therapy, massage therapy and other help to the Armstrong team. She gave an interview in 2003 to journalist David Walsh, saying that Armstrong asked her to dispose of used syringes and hide needle marks with makeup.
Tyler Hamilton was a teammate of Lance Armstrong during the 1999, 2000 and 2001 Tours de France. And both share the same traits of doping,
"In the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Hamilton won the gold medal . That medal was placed in suspicion on September 20, 2004, after he failed a test for blood doping"
On June 18, 2006, the Spanish investigator of doping in Spanish professional sport, "Operación Puerto", had found that Hamilton paid more than US$50,000 to Dr. Eufemiano Fuentes between 2002 and 2004 to plan and manage his use of performance-enhancing erythropoietin (EPO), growth hormone treatment, blood doping, and masking agents.
After that, Tyler Hamilton was given a 2 year ban from Road bicycle racing.
Hamilton began cycling again in beginning in spring 2007, , and once again in June 2009, Hamilton was given an eight-year ban after testing positive for a banned antidepressant.
In 2010,Tyler Hamilton was subpoenaed by a federal grand jury to testify for doping investigation of Lance Armstrong.
Hamilton admitted in his testimony that Lance Armstrong took banned performance-enhancing drugs during his cycling career.
The Methods used for Concealment of Drugs:
Hamilton claimed that he and Lance Armstrong and other teammates used pseudo methods to stay ahead of the testers and the police.
Firstly, Hamilton was driving on blood transfusions, because he was busted for blood doping in 2004. Blood was taken out and reinjected in epic quantities than it was kept frozen and manipulated.
Secondly, Armstrong and Hamilton hired motorcyclists to transfer their injections of EPO.
Betrayal of Armstrong:
But in the case of Armstrong, Hamilton and Armstrong were teammates and Hamilton also helped Armstrong win three Tours.
But in 2004, after Hamilton beat Armstrong in a trial , Armstrong called the UCI and directed the organization to investigate Hamilton for doping.
Afterwards, Hamilton tested positive for banned substances after winning the 2004 Olympic individual time trial, and after serving a two-year suspension, failed another drug test in 2009.
He was later stripped of his Olympic gold medal!
And when Armstrong was caught in a doping scandal, Hamilton testified on multiple occasions that he had seen Armstrong doping as a revenge!
Third whistleblower was Armstrong's Captain Frankie Andreu & his wife Betsy Andreu :
Frankie Andreu was team captain of the Armstrong team from 1998 until 2000. Frankie and his wife, Betsy, gave statement in 2005 that while Armstrong was receiving cancer treatment in 1996, Andreu told doctors in their presence that he had taken erythropoietin (EPO), testosterone, human growth hormone, steroids and cortisone.
George Hincapie was a long time friend of Armstrong and fellow bicycler along with Lance Armstrong.
George Hincapie also gave statement against his former captain and friend, Lance Armstrong, to the federal and U.S. Anti-Doping Agency investigators in the investigation process.
George also talked about how he had no idea about doping and use of PEDs while he was trying to become a professional cyclist. Once he became a professional cyclist he saw how much doping was going on and how everyone needed to use PEDs
Michele Ferrari--who guided Armstrong intakes of Doping Drugs:
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) tagged Michele Ferrari as a banned in a list of 114 banned support personnel and he was the mentor of Lance Armstrong.
Ferrari helped Armstrong with EPO, testosterone and blood transfusions during the time he became a Tour de France star.
The 62-year-old Italian, Ferrari was banned from working with athletes in his own country in 2002 and blocked worldwide in the US Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) case against Armstrong in 2012.
Lance Armstrong So-called “Motivation”:
Jan Ullrich, Once a star of his own home country of Germany won the 1997 Tour, and then he was the perennial second-place finisher to Armstrong in the early 2000s.
After the Armstrong retired in 2006, Ullrich was also implicated in an investigation into blood doping. After accused incidents which involves the drunk driving, a break-in and assault, in 2018 he was admitted to a psychiatric hospital. He was suspended from the Tour that year and never raced professionally again.
Armstrong went to visit him, saying,
"I love Jan Ullrich. He was such a special rival to me. He scared me, he motivated me, and truly brought out the best in me."
Armstrong's Consecutive losses after accusation of "drugs cheat":
- Armstrong’s longtime sponsor Nike was the first to abandon him after the claim of involvement of Armstrong in Doping Drugs.
- In one day, Armstrong lost seven sponsors in a row and an estimated $75 million.
- The International Cycling Union (UCI) stripped Armstrong of his record 7 Tour victories.
- Armstrong has been forced to sell his Austin mansion and his Gulfstream jet to pay $15 million in legal fees, plus $21 million in settlements.
What happened to Floyd Landis before & after exposing others?
His days were spent in a daze by the consumption of as much as a fifth of Jack Daniel’s and 15 double-strength painkillers daily. While he claimed that when he wrote the email to USADA, he was stone-cold sober. His house was shut out, his credit ruined.He and his wife, Amber, divorced. “If you are a human in any way and not a psychopath, it’s painful,”
After the revelation of Doping, Landis had spent his entire fortune and then some, on his legal defense. But when he got into his feet, starting a cannabis business in rural Colorado.
Floyd Landis was the major element in the Doping Scandal!
In April 2018, the Armstrong made a settlement with federal government and paid $5 million instead of going to trial with approximately $100 million at stake. Additionally , Armstrong paid former teammate Floyd Landis $1.65 million as part of the settlement.
A former three-time Tour winner in 1986, 1989 and 1990, LeMond was an motivation to Armstrong as he switched from competing in triathlons to cycling.
After Armstrong's 3 Tour victory in 2001, LeMond publicly expressed disappointment that Armstrong was working with Dr. Ferrari and famously said,
“If Lance is clean, it is the greatest comeback in the history of sport. If he isn't, it would be the greatest fraud."